The Three Structural Stages of Russo-Chinese Cooperation after the Collapse of the USSR and Prospects for the Emergence of a Fourth Stage

26.11.12

The Three Structural Stages of Russo-Chinese Cooperation after the Collapse of the USSR and Prospects for the Emergence of a Fourth Stage

Эксперты МГИМО: Воскресенский Алексей Дмитриевич, д.полит.н., PhD, профессор

Although the recent trend has been to see our world as flat (Friedman 2005), it is not flat in real life, and the consequences of this reality are becoming apparent with every passing day (De Blij 2009). Yet the flow of research has been geared to analyzing the flatness of the world as much as its differentiation (De Blij 2005; Voskressenski 2006; Fung, Fung and Wind, 2008). Consequently, attempts have been made to look at the development of Sino-Russian relations, arguably the third most important pair of bilateral relations after the Sino-American and the Russo-American ones, from the angle of world flatness (Lukin 2010). Sino-American relations in present times involve both economic and security matters that contribute to shaping the world order in the context of China’s rise as well as the West’s perception of it (Ben Li 2007; Wang Jisi 2007). Notwithstanding the legacy of a bipolar world, over the last twenty years Russo-American relations in the spheres of nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation, and NMD have been limited due to the transformation of Russia into a transcontinental yet regional power as opposed to the USSR, the USA, and China. American unipolarity in the 1990s aided the emergence of a grand strategy aimed at the weakening and marginalizing of Russia, which in turn helped transform Russian internal policy by strengthening its nationalistic and xenophobic elements and weakening a constructive nationalism (Lieven 2011). As several analysts have argued, the rationale for such an American policy vis-à-vis Russia ended with the emergence of a multipolar world, caused primarily by the rise of China and the weakening of Russia. In the multipolar world the USA will arguably need new friendly poles making American foreign policy more pragmatic and constructive toward Russia (Lieven 2011).

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Источник: Eurasian Review
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