Networking and Recommending in Public Policy Work: Think Tanks and Policy Makers in Contemporary Russia and USA

Networking and Recommending in Public Policy Work: Think Tanks and Policy Makers in Contemporary Russia and USA

Авторы: Дегтярев Андрей Алексеевич ЧИТАТЬ PDF
ЧИТАТЬ
Andrey Degtyarev Networking and Recommending in Public Policy Work: Think Tanks and Policy Makers in Contemporary Russia and USA [Electronic resourse] / IPSA Online Paper Room - Santiago, 2009 - 12 p. - IPSA Online Paper Room: http://paperroom.ipsa.org/

The recent history of policy analysis and decision-making demonstrates the
developing activities of public sector analytical units and nongovernmental
think tanks (as expert communities and policy stakeholders) along with some
typical forms of policy interrelations between them. We can compare the
influence of some nongovermental think tanks' assessments and recommendations
upon the policy-makers activity in USA (RAND, etc.) and Russia (Center for
Strategic Development, etc.) to find these original forms of modern cooperation
and politico-analytical networking.

In some contemporary cases
"non-official" policy participants have exercised a large measure of "team work"
and "technocratic guidance." For example, the New York City/Rand Corporation's
analysis of factors influencing the response time of city firefighters to
reported fires has been credited with unusual success, even though some other
Rand efforts have been less effective in shaping decisions. By the same token,
in the City of Moscow many nongovernmental think tanks are working very
effectively now as a part of Russian public policy domain in different
governmental areas (housing, environment, elections, etc.).

In the
beginning of the twenty-first century this professionalization and growth of
public and private units in policy analysis reflects fundamental changes in the
nature of contemporary society and its problems, changes which have prompted new
forms of specialized policy knowledge and collective action. And as an outcome
of this cooperative activity, to recommend a particular policy action requires
prior information about the future consequences of different policy
alternatives. Particular policy-analytic procedures are appropriate for creating
this relevant information, in particular phases of the policy-making process in
USA and Russia.

Ключевые слова: Policy Networks Public Policy Think Tanks and Policy Makers
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