International Relations During the First Stage of World War II (1/09/1939-21/06/1941)

International Relations During the First Stage of World War II (1/09/1939-21/06/1941)

Авторы: Васильева Наталья Юрьевна, Наринский Михаил Матвеевич
Narinsky M.M. International Relations During the First Stage of World War II (1/09/1939-21/06/1941) / Mikhail M. Narinsky, Natalia Yu. Vasilieva // History of International Relations and Russian Foreign Policy in the 20th Century (Volume I). — Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2020. — P. 238-261.

On September 1st, 1939, Nazi Germany attacked Poland. On September 3rd, honouring their alliance obligations, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany. It marked the outbreak of the Second World War. However, there were no active military actions and it became known as the “Phoney War”. The USSR officially remained neutral, but it took a pro-German position. In September, the Red Army entered the territory of Poland, occupying the eastern part of the country. The “Phoney War” ended in April-May 1940, with a powerful offensive of German troops. They invaded Denmark and Norway, defeated France, but could not crush the resistance of the British. The USSR took advantage of the situation and incorporated three Baltic states into its territory. In April 1941, the Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact was signed. In the meantime, Nazi Germany had been preparing an aggression against the Soviet Union, which was carried out in June 1941.

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