Political transformation in Russia and the federalism development (the case of republics)

Political transformation in Russia and the federalism development (the case of republics)

Авторы: Яровова Татьяна Викторовна
Yarovova T.V. Political transformation in Russia and the federalism development (the case of republics) / T.V.Yarovova // Democratic resistance to authoritarian trends in Europe today / ZBORNIK RADOVA sa redovne međunarodne konferencije Udruženja za političke nauke Srbije Proceedings of the 2017 Serbian Political Science Association Annual Conference Beograd, 2018. — P. 109-119.

The authors study the political transformation in Russia through the experience of democratic reforms in executive power, parliamentary and electoral systems in the republics of the Russian Federation. Republics differ from other parts of Russia with the right to establish their own official language alongside Russian and to have their own constitutions. By the way titular nationality and other ethnic groups of republics retain some traditional features in political and social life. Our research of post-Soviet experience of federal relations between center and republics allows to characterize one of variants of adaptation of democratic institutes in the social environment as not enough adapted for perception the democratic administrative principles. Such structural factors as multiethnic, territorial disputes and influence of religious communities makeregional political processes dependent on ethnic and group preferences. We studied the main tendencies of development of the Russian federalism during the post-Soviet period: institutional changes of the federal relations between the center and republics of the Russian Federation, the administrative-territorial changes connected with integration of regions, and also development of the budgetary federalism. During the post-Soviet period there was transit from “parade of sovereignties” to “treaty model” federation, and then the constitutional federation with accurate institutional structure and vertical budgetary federalism. The federal center now has considerable impact on formation of the republican authorities, not only through legislative norms, not only by means of economic levers (subsidized dependence), but also a political, party and administrative resource. Though now direct elections of chief executives in regions came back to Russian law, we are inclined to predict that the federal center will continue to have essential impact on delegation authority in the republics of Russia

Ключевые слова: Russian Federation, republic, federal district, executive power, legislature, electoral systems, parties, budget, subsidies
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