Private military and security companies. A theoretical overview.

Private military and security companies. A theoretical overview.

Авторы: Небольсина Мария Александровна ЧИТАТЬ
Nebolsina M.A. Private military and security companies. A theoretical overview / M.A.Nebolsina // Russia in Global Affairs. — 2019. — Т. 17. — №2. — С. 76-106.

This article overviews the phenomenon of private military and security companies (PMSCs) through the prism of various theoretical concepts. The paper explores the heterogeneous nature of PMSCs, the reasons for their present- day increased activity, and interaction with state and non-state participants in global processes. The phenomenon manifests itself amid the change in the attitude towards traditional forms of violence, which allows states to partly outsource their security and law-enforcement functions. At the same time, some countries maintain their monopoly on violence and are even expanding the arsenal of mechanisms for consolidating their geopolitical influence through PMSCs. The study shows that PMSCs’ activities in “weak” countries may impair the inviolability of their statehood. The article also discusses the possibility of democratic control of PMSCs’ activities.

Ключевые слова: non-state actors, private military and security companies (PMSCs), sovereignty, asymmetric conflicts, new types of war, privatization and outsourcing in the security field, democratic control, state monopoly on legitimate violence.
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