Questions of the chechen-russian bilinguvism in the Chechen Republic

Questions of the chechen-russian bilinguvism in the Chechen Republic

Авторы: Абакарова Надежда Гаджиевна ЧИТАТЬ PDF
ЧИТАТЬ
Questions of the chechen-russian bilinguvism in the Chechen Republic / Aza Yakhyayeva (a)*, Nadejda Abakarova (b), Svetlana Yusupova (c), Khaifa Dzeitova (d), Zulikhan Evloeva (e) // SCTCMG 2019 International Scientific Conference «Social and Cultural Transformations in the Context of Modern Globalism». The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences EpSBS. Volume LXXVI — 2019 — Published by Future Academy www.FutureAcademy.org.UK — P. 3361-3368.

This article explores the current state of the Chechen-Russian bilingualism in the Chechen Republic. Chechen-Russian bilingualism is defined as the main component of the language situation in the republic. The article pays special attention to state regulatory documents which determine the language policy in the republic: “The Law on Languages in the Chechen Republic”, “The Program for the Development of the Chechen Language (2008-2012), etc. Based on these documents, we consider that the long-term goal of the language policy of the Chechen Republic is the preservation and development of languages in the republic with the priority of optimal functioning of the Chechen and Russian languages as state languages. A brief comparative analysis of the distribution of the Chechen and Russian languages in the main functional areas is carried out. The currently relevant factor in the formation of a bilingual personality in early childhood is noted. This is the role of children's TV channels and the Internet. Chechen children often independently learn Russian spoken language under the influence of cartoons and entertainment videos. As a result of the study, the opinion is expressed that Chechen-Russian bilingualism at the legal level is positioned as one of the fundamental components of the language situation in the republic. Also, at the state level, trends in the future development of Chechen-Russian bilingualism are determined. One of the main tasks of language policy in the Chechen Republic is the balanced functioning of both state languages - Chechen and Russian.

Ключевые слова: Bilingualism, language situation, language policy, Chechen-Russian bilingualism.
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