The Role of Volunteers and Mercenaries in Nagorno-Karabakh war in 1990s.

The Role of Volunteers and Mercenaries in Nagorno-Karabakh war in 1990s.

Авторы: Небольсина Мария Александровна
Nebolsina M. The Role of Volunteers and Mercenaries in Nagorno-Karabakh war in 1990s. / M. Nebolsina // Journal of Global Development and Security Studies. International Conference Proceedings (Yerevan 2017, June 23-24). — Eurasia International University, 2018. — P. 151-189.

The Nagorno Karabakh war in South Caucasus broke out in the early ‘90s of the twentieth century alongside with the collapse of USSR, which brought independence to its former republics and provoked numerous conflicts. The conflict is remarkable for several reasons. Firstly, in order to preserve shards of the disintegrated empire in the early 1990s, Soviet leaders provided military support to the Republic of Azerbaijan against its rebellious territory Nagorno Karabakh (Volkhonsky, Muhanov, 2006; Melik-Shakhnazarov, 2009). This resulted in a prolonged period of Azerbaijani national forces’ development after the withdrawal of Soviet troops. In search of support, Azerbaijan hired former Soviet soldiers, Mujahideen mercenaries, Chechen militants, Turkish special task forces (“Grey Wolves”), American and British mercenaries and instructors, etc. (Demoyan 2003, 2006, 2010; Goltz, 1995; Charalampidis, 2013, 2016; SNARK, 1994). Secondly, the coercive measures applied towards Karabakh’s Armenians led to a growing resistance among locals. The process put into motion the creation of a military volunteer movement in Karabakh leading to the development of the Nagorno Karabakh Defense Army. With little or no support (mostly from Armenians in neighboring Armenia and foreign diaspora) Karabakh managed to build an effective army from scratch. The main issue this research tries to address is the role of mercenaries and volunteers in the Nagorno Karabakh war of the 1990s.

Ключевые слова: Collapse of the Soviet Union, principles of International Law, diaspora, volunteers, mercenaries.
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